Реле напряжения генератора

29 июля 2015г. - 12:01 4083 просмотров

Реле напряжения генератораРеле регуляторы напряжения предназначены для защиты генераторов и управления ними. Применяется реле напряжения генератора в электросети автомобилей, тракторов, автобусов, троллейбусов и трамваев с напряжением 28 В. Некоторые модели с успехом используются на береговых установках и судах. Электродвигатели и трансформаторы защищают прибор от недопустимых изменений напряжения в сети во всех фазах. Существуют модели, предназначенные для контроля напряжения в одной фазе.

В конструкции реле предусмотрены: таймер для того, чтобы была возможность задерживать время срабатывания защиты, светодиоды, монтажные отверстия для его крепления на монтажной панели.

Гарантийный срок эксплуатации или хранения этого устройства идентичен гарантийному сроку эксплуатации автомобиля или другого объекта, на котором он устанавливается. Обычно он составляет три года. Гарантийный срок реле напряжения генератора, как запчасти – один год с момента продажи.

Как правило, основным источником электроэнергии в любом транспортном средстве является генератор. Напряжение, которое вырабатывает генератор, напрямую зависит от оборотов коленчатого вала двигателя. Допустимое значение, в пределах которого должно находится вырабатываемое напряжение — около 14 В. Ротор двигателя вращается так, что обороты его не постоянны. Потому при увеличении или уменьшении частоты его вращения, ток в обмотке возбуждения необходимо регулировать и поддерживать величину номинального. Для этих целей используются реле регулятор напряжения генератора. Регуляторы бывают трех видов.

1. Контактные регуляторы напряжения или вибрационные (электромагнитные).

Схема простейших регуляторов напряжения
Простейшие регуляторы напряжения: а — контактные; б — контактно-транзисторные; в — бес­контактные

В таких регуляторах изменение тока происходит вследствие периодического включения в цепь дополнительного резистора. Когда обороты коленчатого вала малы, напряжение генератора меньше, чем необходимо для сработки устройства, контакты электромагнитной модели замкнуты, и ток поступает в обмотку мимо резистора. Когда обороты ротора увеличиваются, соответственно увеличивается напряжение генератора и когда напряжение превысит допустимое, срабатывает защита, и контакты размыкаются. Благодаря тому, что ток проходит через дополнительный резистор, напряжение уменьшается. При помощи пружины контакты вновь замкнуться после снижения величины напряжения до нормальных показателей. Так, на протяжении времени работы генератора контакты размыкаются и замыкаются. Происходит это довольно часто, но колебания напряжения на практике не заметны.

2. Бесконтактные регуляторы напряжения (рис. в).

В конструкции этих регуляторов электромагнитное реле заменено стабилитроном. Это полупроводниковое измерительное устройство. При повышении напряжения до критической величины ток проходит через стабилитрон, и входной транзистор. Выходной транзистор запирается до приведения напряжения к номинальной величине. Процесс, как и в первом случае, многократно повторяется. Благодаря этому напряжение генератора остается на одном уровне.

Читайте также на портале myfta.ru:

Комментарии (102) “Реле напряжения генератора”

  1. you are in reality a just right webmaster. The website
    loading velocity is amazing. It seems that you are doing
    any distinctive trick. Also, The contents are masterpiece.
    you have performed a fantastic task in this matter!

  2. I simply want to tell you that I’m very new to weblog and honestly savored this web page. More than likely I’m likely to bookmark your blog . You absolutely come with wonderful articles. Kudos for revealing your web-site.

  3. You could definitely see your skills in the work you write. The world hopes for more passionate writers such as you who are not afraid to mention how they believe. All the time go after your heart. «History is the version of past events that people have decided to agree upon.» by Napoleon.

  4. It’s really a cool and useful piece of info. I am glad that you shared this helpful info with us. Please keep us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

  5. Greetings! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this site? I’m getting sick and tired of WordPress because I’ve had problems with hackers and I’m looking at options for another platform. I would be awesome if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

  6. I think you have mentioned some very interesting points , thanks for the post.

  7. Wow, marvelous blog format! How long have you been running a blog for? you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is great, as neatly as the content material!

  8. Hi, Neat post. There is a problem with your site in internet explorer, would test this… IE still is the market leader and a large portion of people will miss your fantastic writing because of this problem.

  9. I genuinely enjoy examining on this web site , it has great content . «A man of genius has been seldom ruined but by himself.» by Samuel Johnson.

  10. I believe that avoiding packaged foods is a first step to be able to lose weight. They will taste excellent, but refined foods possess very little nutritional value, making you try to eat more to have enough vitality to get over the day. For anyone who is constantly consuming these foods, switching to whole grain products and other complex carbohydrates will help you have more strength while taking in less. Interesting blog post.

  11. Wow! Thank you! I continuously wanted to write on my website something like that. Can I implement a portion of your post to my website?

  12. I really like your writing style, excellent info, appreciate it for putting up :D. «You can complain because roses have thorns, or you can rejoice because thorns have roses.» by Ziggy.

  13. A large percentage of of what you articulate happens to be astonishingly accurate and that makes me ponder why I hadn’t looked at this in this light before. Your piece really did switch the light on for me personally as far as this particular topic goes. However there is actually just one position I am not necessarily too comfy with and whilst I make an effort to reconcile that with the actual central theme of the issue, allow me see exactly what all the rest of your visitors have to say.Well done.

  14. One important issue is that when you’re searching for a education loan you may find that you’ll want a co-signer. There are many cases where this is correct because you should find that you do not employ a past credit standing so the financial institution will require that you’ve got someone cosign the financial loan for you. Thanks for your post.

  15. I do consider all the concepts you have introduced on your post. They are really convincing and can definitely work. Still, the posts are very quick for novices. May you please prolong them a bit from next time? Thank you for the post.

  16. Regards for helping out, great info .

  17. You made some good points there. I did a search on the topic and found most people will go along with with your blog.

  18. I am very happy to read this. This is the type of manual that needs to be given and not the accidental misinformation that is at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this greatest doc.

  19. Excellent post. I was checking continuously this blog and I am impressed! Very useful information particularly the last section :) I deal with such info much. I used to be looking for this certain information for a long time. Thank you and good luck.

  20. I like the helpful info you provide for your articles. I will bookmark your weblog and check once more right here frequently. I am somewhat certain I’ll be told a lot of new stuff proper right here! Best of luck for the following!

  21. Hiya very cool web site!! Man .. Beautiful .. Wonderful .. I’ll bookmark your web site and take the feeds additionally…I am happy to seek out so many helpful information right here within the put up, we’d like work out extra strategies on this regard, thank you for sharing.

  22. Thanks for your useful article. One other problem is that mesothelioma is generally caused by the inhalation of materials from asbestos, which is a extremely dangerous material. It really is commonly viewed among personnel in the engineering industry with long experience of asbestos. It is also caused by residing in asbestos protected buildings for a long time of time, Genetic makeup plays a crucial role, and some folks are more vulnerable for the risk in comparison with others.

  23. Well I sincerely liked reading it. This article procured by you is very practical for correct planning.

  24. I have read a few good stuff here. Definitely worth bookmarking for revisiting. I wonder how so much attempt you put to create such a excellent informative site.

  25. Terrific work! This is the type of info that should be shared around the net. Shame on Google for not positioning this post higher! Come on over and visit my site . Thanks =)

  26. Hi there friends, its great article about tutoringand fully defined,
    keep it up all the time. natalielise plenty of fish

  27. Hey There. I found your weblog using msn. This is a really neatly written article. I will make sure to bookmark it and return to learn more of your helpful information. Thank you for the post. I’ll certainly return.

  28. I was suggested this blog by way of my cousin. I’m now not sure whether or not this put up is written through him as no one else know such targeted approximately my trouble. You’re wonderful! Thank you!

  29. I will immediately grasp your rss as I can’t find your e-mail subscription link or newsletter service. Do you have any? Kindly let me recognise in order that I could subscribe. Thanks.

  30. I’m writing to let you know what a amazing experience my cousin’s child gained visiting the blog. She noticed so many things, which included what it’s like to possess a marvelous teaching mindset to let many more very easily understand chosen hard to do topics. You really surpassed my desires. I appreciate you for rendering those important, trusted, educational as well as unique guidance on your topic to Evelyn.

  31. I was recommended this web site by my cousin. I’m not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my problem. You are amazing! Thanks!

  32. Attractive component of content. I just stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to claim that I acquire in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I will be subscribing for your augment or even I achievement you get entry to persistently rapidly.

  33. One important thing is that when you find yourself searching for a education loan you may find that you’ll want a cosigner. There are many situations where this is correct because you should find that you do not employ a past credit score so the financial institution will require that you’ve someone cosign the loan for you. Interesting post.

  34. Good post right here. One thing I would like to say is that most professional domains consider the Bachelor’s Degree like thejust like the entry level standard for an online diploma. Though Associate Certification are a great way to begin, completing a person’s Bachelors opens up many opportunities to various employment goodies, there are numerous internet Bachelor Diploma Programs available via institutions like The University of Phoenix, Intercontinental University Online and Kaplan. Another concern is that many brick and mortar institutions present Online variants of their certifications but normally for a substantially higher charge than the companies that specialize in online degree plans.

  35. Enjoyed looking at this, very good stuff, thankyou . «Whenever you want to marry someone, go have lunch with his ex-wife.» by Francis William Bourdillon.

  36. W88:

    Only a smiling visitor here to share the love (:, btw great style and design .

  37. You have brought up a very good points , thanks for the post.

  38. Wow! This can be one particular of the most beneficial blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Basically Fantastic. I am also an expert in this topic therefore I can understand your effort.

  39. It’s truly a nice and helpful piece of information. I’m happy that you simply shared this useful information with us.

    Please stay us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

  40. I have discovered some new points from your internet site about desktops. Another thing I have always assumed is that computers have become a specific thing that each residence must have for most reasons. They provide convenient ways in which to organize households, pay bills, search for information, study, hear music as well as watch tv shows. An innovative strategy to complete these types of tasks is by using a mobile computer. These pc’s are mobile ones, small, robust and mobile.

  41. W88:

    Unquestionably believe that which you said. Your favorite justification appeared to be on the net the easiest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I definitely get annoyed while people think about worries that they plainly don’t know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top as well as defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people could take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  42. WW88:

    Magnificent goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous to and you are just extremely wonderful. I actually like what you have acquired here, certainly like what you’re saying and the way in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still care for to keep it wise. I can not wait to read far more from you. This is really a great site.

  43. I’d need to verify with you here. Which is not something I often do! I take pleasure in reading a submit that will make folks think. Additionally, thanks for allowing me to remark!

  44. Hi my loved one! I wish to say that this article is amazing, great written and come with almost all vital infos. I¡¦d like to see extra posts like this .

  45. What’s Happening i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I have found It absolutely helpful and it has helped me out loads. I hope to give a contribution & help different customers like its aided me. Good job.

  46. One more thing I would like to say is that in lieu of trying to accommodate all your online degree lessons on days and nights that you complete work (since most people are fatigued when they go back home), try to arrange most of your sessions on the weekends and only a couple of courses in weekdays, even if it means a little time away from your end of the week. This pays off because on the saturdays and sundays, you will be a lot more rested as well as concentrated in school work. Thanks a bunch for the different tips I have realized from your web site.

  47. WW88:

    Hello my loved one! I want to say that this article is amazing, great written and come with approximately all significant infos. I’d like to look more posts like this.

  48. The hunger for love is much more difficult to remove than the hunger for bread.’ By Mother Teresa

  49. W88:

    Very interesting details you have noted , thanks for posting . «In a great romance, each person plays a part the other really likes.» by Elizabeth Ashley.

  50. whoah this weblog is wonderful i really like studying your articles. Keep up the great work! You understand, a lot of individuals are searching around for this information, you can help them greatly.

  51. It’s appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you few interesting things or tips. Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article. I wish to read more things about it!

  52. An added important part is that if you are an older person, travel insurance pertaining to pensioners is something you should really look at. The more mature you are, the more at risk you might be for permitting something negative happen to you while abroad. If you are never covered by a few comprehensive insurance, you could have some serious troubles. Thanks for revealing your guidelines on this weblog.

  53. Today, while I was at work, my cousin stole my iphone and tested to see if it can survive a forty foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My iPad is now broken and she has 83 views. I know this is completely off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  54. Terrific work! That is the type of information that are supposed to be shared around the web. Shame on Google for not positioning this post upper! Come on over and consult with my web site . Thanks =)

  55. I have recently started a site, the information you provide on this site has helped me greatly. Thanks for all of your time & work.

  56. Do you have a spam problem on this blog; I also am a blogger, and I was curious about your situation; we have created some nice practices and we are looking to swap techniques with other folks, why not shoot me an email if interested.

  57. Thank you for another informative web site. The place else could I am getting that type of information written in such an ideal means? I’ve a undertaking that I’m simply now working on, and I’ve been at the look out for such info.

  58. Its good as your other content : D, appreciate it for posting . «Too much sensibility creates unhappiness too much insensibility leads to crime.» by Charles Maurice de Talleyrand.

  59. I’ve observed that in the world of today, video games are classified as the latest trend with kids of all ages. Many times it may be impossible to drag your family away from the activities. If you want the best of both worlds, there are lots of educational gaming activities for kids. Thanks for your post.

  60. Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive read something like this before. So good to search out any person with some original thoughts on this subject. realy thanks for starting this up. this website is one thing that is wanted on the internet, somebody with a little originality. helpful job for bringing something new to the internet!

  61. Wow, incredible weblog structure! How long have you ever been blogging for? you made blogging look easy. The total look of your site is fantastic, let alone the content!

  62. Very interesting information!Perfect just what I was looking for!

  63. Thanks for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do a little research on this. We got a grab a book from our area library but I think I learned more clear from this post. I’m very glad to see such great information being shared freely out there.

  64. Excellent site. Plenty of useful information here. I am sending it to some pals ans also sharing in delicious. And of course, thank you to your effort!

  65. You have observed very interesting points! ps decent site.

  66. hello!,I really like your writing so so much! proportion we be in contact extra about your article on AOL? I need a specialist in this space to solve my problem. May be that’s you! Taking a look forward to peer you.

  67. Perfectly written content material , thankyou for entropy.

  68. Generally I do not learn article on blogs, however I would like to say that this write-up very pressured me to check out and do it! Your writing taste has been surprised me. Thank you, quite great post.

  69. Good ¡V I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your web site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs as well as related information ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, website theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Nice task..

  70. Valuable information. Lucky me I found your site by accident, and I am shocked why this accident did not happened earlier! I bookmarked it.

  71. I’ve recently started a web site, the info you provide on this site has helped me tremendously. Thank you for all of your time & work. «A physicist is an atom’s way of knowing about atoms.» by George Wald.

  72. Hello. magnificent job. I did not expect this. This is a excellent story. Thanks!

  73. You can definitely see your skills in the paintings you write. The arena hopes for more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid to say how they believe. Always follow your heart. «The point of quotations is that one can use another’s words to be insulting.» by Amanda Cross.

  74. Hi, I do believe this is an excellent site. I stumbledupon it ;) I may come back yet again since i have saved as a favorite it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide other people.

  75. magnificent issues altogether, you simply gained a new reader. What might you suggest about your submit that you just made a few days ago? Any sure?

  76. I think other web-site proprietors should take this website as an model, very clean and great user genial style and design, let alone the content. You are an expert in this topic!

  77. Thanks for giving your ideas. One thing is that college students have a choice between government student loan and also a private student loan where it really is easier to decide on student loan debt consolidation than through the federal student loan.

  78. I am really enjoying the theme/design of your website. Do you ever run into any browser compatibility issues? A handful of my blog visitors have complained about my website not working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Opera. Do you have any suggestions to help fix this issue?

  79. there are many greeting card options that you can see in online stores but i love those that generate cute sounds;;

  80. Wow! This can be one particular of the most useful blogs We’ve ever arrive across on this subject. Basically Great. I am also an expert in this topic therefore I can understand your effort.

  81. Hey! Someone in my Myspace group shared this site with us so I came to take a look. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Great blog and amazing style and design.

  82. Nice read, I just passed this onto a colleague who was doing a little research on that. And he actually bought me lunch because I found it for him smile So let me rephrase that: Thank you for lunch!

  83. I do accept as true with all of the concepts you’ve presented on your post. They’re very convincing and will certainly work. Still, the posts are too short for novices. Could you please prolong them a bit from subsequent time? Thanks for the post.

  84. One other important issue is that if you are a senior citizen, travel insurance for pensioners is something you need to really consider. The older you are, the harder at risk you will be for having something poor happen to you while abroad. If you are not covered by some comprehensive insurance policies, you could have a number of serious complications. Thanks for expressing your advice on this web blog.

  85. I’m often to blogging and i really admire your content. The article has really peaks my interest. I’m going to bookmark your website and hold checking for new information.

  86. I like the valuable info you provide in your articles. I will bookmark your weblog and check again here frequently. I’m quite certain I’ll learn many new stuff right here! Good luck for the next!

  87. Very good blog! Do you have any hints for aspiring writers? I’m planning to start my own website soon but I’m a little lost on everything. Would you recommend starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many options out there that I’m totally confused .. Any ideas? Many thanks!

  88. W88:

    Thank you for sharing superb informations. Your website is very cool. I am impressed by the details that you’ve on this blog. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this web page, will come back for more articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found simply the information I already searched all over the place and simply couldn’t come across. What a perfect web-site.

  89. I’ve been absent for some time, but now I remember why I used to love this blog. Thank you, I will try and check back more frequently. How frequently you update your web site?

  90. What i do not realize is in reality how you are now not actually a lot more smartly-appreciated than you might be now. You’re so intelligent. You know therefore significantly in terms of this subject, made me personally imagine it from so many numerous angles. Its like women and men are not fascinated until it is something to do with Woman gaga! Your own stuffs excellent. Always deal with it up!

  91. I do like the manner in which you have presented this specific difficulty and it does present me personally a lot of fodder for consideration. Nevertheless, coming from what precisely I have observed, I basically trust as the feed-back stack on that folks continue to be on issue and don’t embark upon a tirade involving some other news du jour. Still, thank you for this superb point and while I do not necessarily concur with this in totality, I value your point of view.

  92. Simply wanna input on few general things, The website style is perfect, the subject matter is rattling good : D.

  93. My spouse and I absolutely love your blog and find nearly all of your post’s to be just what I’m looking for. Does one offer guest writers to write content for you? I wouldn’t mind creating a post or elaborating on many of the subjects you write with regards to here. Again, awesome blog!

  94. What’s Happening i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I have found It absolutely helpful and it has aided me out loads. I hope to contribute & assist other users like its aided me. Great job.

  95. I really appreciate this post. I’ve been looking everywhere for this! Thank goodness I found it on Bing. You’ve made my day! Thanks again

  96. I like this post, enjoyed this one thankyou for posting .

  97. Enjoyed examining this, very good stuff, thankyou . «It is in justice that the ordering of society is centered.» by Aristotle.

  98. You actually make it seem really easy with your presentation but I find this topic to be actually one thing which I believe I’d by no means understand. It seems too complex and very broad for me. I’m taking a look forward to your next publish, I’ll attempt to get the grasp of it!

  99. Hello! Someone in my Facebook group shared this website with us so I came to check it out. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m book-marking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Excellent blog and superb style and design.

  100. you’re truly a just right webmaster. The web site loading pace is incredible. It kind of feels that you’re doing any unique trick. Also, The contents are masterwork. you’ve done a wonderful activity in this matter!

  101. I like what you guys are up also. Such smart work and reporting! Carry on the superb works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it’ll improve the value of my website :).

Добавить комментарий

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *

двадцать + девятнадцать =